Melasma is a skin condition that includes the appearance of brown patches on the face. Other than the discoloration itself, there are no physical problems or symptoms associated with melasma. Melasma can appear in response to sun exposure, birth control pills, and pregnancy. This skin condition primarily affects women.
There are numerous different treatment options for those with melasma. For some, the discoloration goes away on its own. For others, it can take years to go away, and for some people, they may even have it for their whole life. One effective treatment includes a combination of skin lightening medications, sunscreen, and an effort to avoid the sun. Other successful treatments have included the use of chemical peels, laser rejuvenation, and topical retinoids. It is important that treatments are continued for long periods of time on a regular basis and are used under the supervision and guidance of your dermatologist.